Senior Managers and Certification Regime
The SM&CR went live and started to hit the banking community on 7th March 2016. This is a far reaching regime that replaces the existing Approved Persons Regime (APER) and has at its heart the principle of individual accountability.
Following the crash of 2007/08 and then the subsequent LIBOR and WMR Fix scandals, the FCA was frustrated at how difficult it became to identify exactly who was accountable for a given part of the firm's business. The Parliamentary Commission on Banking Standards was established and reported in July 2013 and reported "Too many bankers, especially at the most senior levels, have operated in an environment with insufficient personal responsibility. Top bankers dodged accountability for failings on their watch by claiming ignorance or hiding behind collective decision-making. They then faced little realistic prospect of financial penalties or more serious sanctions commensurate with the severity of the failures with which they were associated." The report formed the basis for the Banking Reform Act of December 2013. The PRA and FCA duly set up a new framework for individuals in July 2014 and they have both issued clarifications around interpretation in the following months.
The Fair and Effective Markets Review, led by the Treasury, the FCA and the Bank of England, made a number of policy recommendations. One of the overall aims of the Report, released in July 2015, is to build accountability still more intrinsically into the financial markets. A key recommendation, which has subsequently been confirmed and is in process of legislation, is that the SM&CR should be extended to all wholesale market participants - replacing the APER altogether. Asset Managers, Investment Managers and IDBs are consequently beginning to study and work on plans for the eventual implementation of this new regime to their firms, expected in 2018.
The regime touches all levels of the firm:
- Senior Managers to be approved by PRA/FCA into Senior Manager Function (SMF)
- Map of responsibilities to ensure ALL of firm's business rolls up to a specific SMF
- Certification Regime to cover all roles that 'could harm the firm' (e.g. front office and senior operations staff...)
- Code of Conduct to cover all but ancillary staff